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According to CDC data, in 2021 US gun homicides and suicide rates were the highest since the 1990s

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, suicide and firearm homicide rates in the United States increased by more than 8% between 2020 and 2021.

According to CDC researchers, there will be over 20,000 gunshot deaths and more than 26,000 suicides in the United States by 2021.

In 2021, the firearm homicide rate was 8.3% more than in 2020. Both males and women saw increases, with the highest rates occurring among those aged 25-44 years old. The homicide rate for firearms was highest among non-Hispanic Black and African Americans of all racial or ethnic groups.

The number of firearm suicides among people aged 10 and over increased by 8.3% between 2020 and 2021. People under 45 years old were most likely to commit suicide by firearms if they are American Indian or Alaska Native. Whites had the highest suicide rates among those aged 45 and over.

The percentage of firearm-related homicides rose from 79% to 81% in 2020, the highest number in over 50 years. The percentage of suicides attributed to firearm injuries rose from 53% to 55% in 2020 to 55% by 2021, the highest level since 2001.

The report stated that “The U.S. overall firearm homicide rate and the firearm suicide rate in 2021 were the highest since 1993 and 1990 respectively.” “Some racial or ethnic groups had significantly higher rates in 2021 and some groups saw widening disparities.”

Researchers note that although the analysis cannot explain why there have been risking increases, it can identify “multiple” structural and social conditions that could be associated with them.

The report stated that “systemic inequalities (e.g. in economic, education, and housing opportunities) have contributed to disparities, and the COVID-19 Pandemic could have made these conditions worse, especially in certain racial or ethnic communities.”

Researchers say the findings highlight the urgency of prevention efforts. They also state that public health can facilitate cross-sector collaboration, which includes education, law enforcement, and social services. This will allow for a more evidence-based approach. The CDC also published Technical Packages for Violence Prevention. They say that prevention efforts can include both street outreach and hospital-based interventions.

To examine all homicides, suicides, and firearm-related deaths, CDC researchers used provisional 2020 data from the National Vital Statistics System and US Census Bureau population estimates.

There are limitations to the research, such as that 2021 data is provisional and rates for certain population groups could not be reported due to small numbers.

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